Worm Compost Words
Worm compost words are many and deal with various aspects of science. Rather than skimming over unfamiliar words, I thought it would be helpful, to include the definitions and pronouncements of worm, compost and soil-related terms as they appear on the website.
actinomycetes (AC-tin-o-mi-see-teez): type of photosynthetic bacteria which gives healthy soil its characteristic earthy smell.
arthropod: invertebrate animals having a chitinous outer skeleton or shell with jointed legs that includes crabs,sow bugs and spiders.
bacteriovorous: to eat or consume bacteria.
bio-degraders: decription of earthworm action that breaks down organic material.
bio-accumulators: earthworms that can take in toxic chemicals including heavy metals, organochlorine pesticide and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons,holding them in their tissues without causing harm.
bio-transformers: earthworms that are able to transform toxic elements into non-toxic elements either by concentrating or secreting or excreting or by their movement.
Chaetopoda: (key-TO-po-du); class of earthworms; Latin for "bristle feet" as all members possess hair-like structures growing from the body.
chitin:(KI-tin); glucose-based material that makes up the exoskelton of insects arthropods,shells of crustaceans; it is also present in the cell wall of fungi.
Chitinase:(KI-tin-ace);a digestive enzymes that break down glycose bonds in chitin. Because chitin composes the cell walls of fungi and exoskeletal elements of some animals (including worms and arthropods), chitinases are generally found in organisms that need to dissolve and digest the chitin of fungi or animals; substance is present in worm compost and acts as a pest deterrent.
coelomic (se-lo-mic) the main body cavity of most higher multicellular animals, in which the visceral organs are suspended.
coliform; rod-shaped bacteria of which Escherichia coli (aka: E.Coli) is the most important member. Coliforms comprise most of the intestinal flora in humans and other animals, but can also be found in the aquatic environment, in soil and on vegetation.
compost: the process of breaking down organic material by various microorganisms and/or compost worms, with the end product used to condition soil and enhance plant growth, especially in the root system.
fungivorous: to eat or consume fungi.
humus: a brown or black complex variable material in worm compost resulting from partial decomposition of plant or animal matter and forming the organic portion of soil; often described as the “life-force” of the soil.
vermicompost: the heterogenous mixture of decomposing vegetable or food waste, bedding materials, and pure worm excrement produced during the course of normal vermiculture operations; synonym- worm compost.
I hope this short lexicon of worm compost words, their meaning and pronunciations have aided you in a better understanding of the very complex world of worm compost.
From Worm Compost Words